Puppy Care

Your New Puppy

 

Congratulations on acquiring your new puppy! We are sure that by now you will have fallen in love with your new family member! Please read on for simple guidelines regarding the care of your new pet:

 

Why not take a look at our Puppy Package for a quick and easy start to caring for your Puppy.

Vaccination

 

Your puppy needs vaccinating for protection against the infectious diseases: distemper, hepatitis, parvovirosis, para-influenza and leptospirosis. To ensure full protection, puppies need to be vaccinated twice within a two to four week period.

We advise the first primary inoculation takes place at 8 weeks of age.

This should be followed by a second primary inoculation at a minimum of 10 weeks of age.

The protection will start about seven to ten days after the second vaccination.

Annual booster vaccinations are then required to maintain immunity.

Other vaccinations, for example against kennel cough, are not part of the routine protocol and are only given when necessary e.g. before staying in boarding kennels.

If your puppy is to board within kennels, the kennel cough vaccination is best given  at least 2 weeks prior to boarding, (but check with the kennels first) as maximal immunity to kennel cough is short lived.


 

Worming, Fleas, Ticks, and Mites

 

Regular worming will keep your pet parasite-free and your children safe!

Puppies are born with worms, caught from their mother during gestation. Unfortunately, worm populations are amplified by other puppies in the litter. Despite diligent care by the breeder or previous carer, your puppy will have picked up a few worms.

Regular worming should be performed every four weeks until six months of age, and then every 3 months to one year depending on the lifestyle of your new dog. Regular worming will protect your dog and your family.

Worming protocols and the product used may be changed depending on the specific needs of your dog. Dogs that live active lifestyles in the park, scavenge, eat/roll in fox faeces and eat slugs and snails are at the highest risk of carrying worm burdens.

Effective safe veterinary worming tablets and spot-on products are available from reception, providing your dog has been seen by one of our vets within a reasonable period – this is a legal requirement for prescription medications. These worming drugs are only available from veterinary surgeries and are far more effective and safer for your pet than those available from pet shops and supermarkets.

Be aware of what product you are using on your dog. NOT ALL WORMING PRODUCTS COVER LUNG WORM! 

Due to the high risk and potential fatality of lung worm, we use Advocate Spot-On for worming treatment. This not only has proven efficiency against lung worm, but will treat your dog from gastro-intestinal worms, fleas, lice and mites.

Advocate is a broad-spectrum wormer and kills flea/mite/lice.

We will provide your puppy with a free Advocate Spot-On pipette for his/her first treatment in their parasite control program.

 

Microchipping (Identichipping)

 

Microchipping is a routine procedure which is often done at the time of vaccination. It involves injecting a tiny chip (about the size of a grain of rice) under the skin, usually at the back of the neck. The chip contains a unique number which can be read using a small scanner. The microchip number, together with the details of the owner and pet are then registered on a national database. The procedure itself is quickly performed and only causes the feeling of a small scratch, just like having an injection.

Microchipping costs £27.50 during the time of a consult, but is cheaper under anaesthetic or as part of the Puppy Package 

 

 

Neutering

 

Neutering can reduce the incidence of unwanted sexual behaviour and aggression, unwanted pregnancies and puppies, and can reduce the likelihood of potential reproductive-tract diseases.

 

For females, neutering is very important due to risks of fatal reproductive diseases later on in life, as well as the unwanted attention from boys in the park.

Neutering can be performed prior to your dogs first season, or a few months after your dogs first season. It is important that, if you do allow your dog to have her first season, a minimum of 3 months interval is passed before your dog is booked in for a spey. You can discuss with your vet the best time to have your dog speyed, be it prior to her first season or a few months after her first season.

If you are not intending to breed from your dog, you should have her speyed. The incidence of mammary cancer doubles every season, due to the effects of progesterone on the mammary tissue. Also your dog is potentially at risk of obtaining infections within her uterus (pyometra) which will leave your dog very ill.

 

For males, castration is a less invasive and quicker procedure in comparison to the girls. It will reduce unwanted sexual behaviour, reduce aggression, and will aid behavioural training and allow you better control of your dog. Castration will also eliminate the risk of testicular tumours and prostate disease.

Castration for boys is usually carried out from any time after 6 months of age. It can be performed earlier if necessary. When your dog begins cocking his leg, this is usually a sign that he has reached sexual maturity.

 

Do not forget to ask for your dog to be microchipped under anaesthetic to benefit from the microchipping offer.

 

Diet

 

Growing puppies require higher levels of certain nutrients (such as calcium) in their diet. Puppies of large breeds such as Great Danes or Mastiffs need special food to ensure that all their nutritional requirements are met. Remember that such giant breed dogs can grow to a weight of 50 kg within one year, whereas it takes humans about 15 years to reach a similar size and weight! If their nutritional requirements are not met, such dogs can develop bone or joint diseases. It is important not to feed puppy food designed for large breed dogs to older or smaller dogs, as this would ‘overdose’ them on certain nutrients.

 DO NOT ADD MINERAL/VITAMIN SUPPLEMENTS TO YOUR DOG’S DIET, UNLESS RECOMMENDED TO BY YOUR VETERINARY SURGEON. Getting too much of any nutrient is often as bad as not getting enough of it.

The easiest and safest way to cater for all your dog's nutritional needs is to feed them a complete diet.  Such diets are available in moist form (e.g. tins) or as dry food.  The large pet food companies do a great deal of research to develop dog foods that are aimed at optimal nutrition and, as a result, many dogs eat a more balanced diet than the majority of humans! Feeding a complete diet is what we strongly recommend, and it is easy to find an excellent food for your dog.

It is very difficult to prepare a well balanced diet for dogs at home - unintended mistakes can lead to serious problems if they result in an unbalanced diet being fed over a long period of time. Cooking destroys some of the nutrients, but on the other hand feeding raw food can lead to infections such as salmonellosis, some of which can potentially be transmitted to humans. Dogs fed on raw food are also more prone to getting worms and other parasites. Table scraps should never be fed to dogs because they are not nutritionally balanced and usually have a salt content which is much too high. Some common ingredients can even be toxic to dogs, e.g. raisins can cause kidney failure in dogs.

DO NOT FEED YOUR DOG GRAPES, RAISINS, CHOCOLATE, BRUSSELS SPROUTS, BROCOLLI OR CABBAGE AS THESE ARE ALL TOXIC TO DOGS.

Dry food comes in kibbles of various shapes and sizes. Crunching hard kibbles can help to slow down the development of dental tartar and tooth decay. There is even dry food specifically manufactured to clean teeth during eating. Unlike wet food, a dry diet is very concentrated and a little goes a long way - this can sometimes lead owners to feed too much, thinking that the advised amount cannot possibly be enough. A drawback of wet diets is that they tend to encourage the development of tartar, so dental hygiene measures such as tooth brushing are recommended for dogs on moist food.  If you feed dry food, make sure it is a complete food and not a 'mixer' food that is supposed to be mixed with wet food.

 

Anderson’s Veterinary Group has had their own researched veterinary recommended diet formulated to provide optimal nutrition for your new puppy.

 

Anderson’s Premium Puppy Food is a hypoallergenic chicken and rice based dry kibble specifically designed for the sensitive digestive tracts of puppies.

 It is formulated with the correct balance of minerals and vitamins for growing small, medium and large breed puppies of any age under one year. (This food is not suitable for giant breeds.) It is a gluten-free and wheat-free diet to help support and maintain your puppy’s sensitive digestive system. As a dry kibble, it helps protect from dental disease and dental plaque accumulation.



 

Pet Insurance

 

We recommend all pets are insured to cover costs of medical bills.

 

 



 



 

Andersons Veterinary Practice

125 Bromley Common

Bromley

Kent

BR2 9RJ

 

0208 4607222 (24hrs)

 

Fax

0872 331 3271

 

Email

bromleyvets@googlemail.com

 

 

Free Client Parking 

 

OPENING HOURS

Monday- Friday

8.30am- 7.00pm

Consultation by Appointment

 

Saturday

8.30am-12pm

Consultation by Appointment

 

Sunday service available

at our Orpington branch

9am-12.30p.m

Make an appointment with us today, call us on

0208 460 7222

Get a quote from Agria Pet Insurance
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